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Bail Laws for State District Of Columbia

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Bail Laws
I. Applicable Statutes

A. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA CODE 1981 PART IV. CRIMINAL LAW AND PROCEDURE AND PRISONERS. TITLE 23. CRIMINAL PROCEDURE.CHAPTER 11. Professional Bondsmen.

B. MICHIE'S DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA COURT RULES ANNOTATED SUPERIOR COURT RULES OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE XI. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS.Rule 116. Bonds and sureties.

II. Licensing Requirements for Agents

*** The District of Columbia’s statutes do not appear to clearly outline the powers of professional bondsmen in regard to recovering bail. The statutes define a "bondsman" as anyone engaged in the bonding business, including agents. Therefore, some of the more pertinent qualifications – in regard to individuals and for licensing purposes – for sureities are given below, since both sureties and bondsmen appear to be able to carry out activities associated with the bonding business.

A. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA CODE 1981 PART IV. CRIMINAL LAW AND PROCEDURE AND PRISONERS. TITLE 23. CRIMINAL PROCEDURE. CHAPTER 11. Professional Bondsmen.§ 23-1101 Definitions.

1. The term "bondsman" means any person or corporation engaged in the bonding business either as a principal or as an agent, clerk, or representative of another engaged in such business.

2. § 23-1108 Qualifications of bondsmen; rules to be prescribed by courts; list of agents to be furnished; renewal of authority to act; detailed records to be kept; penalties and disqualifications.

3. Duty of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia and the Superior Court of the District of Columbia, to provide, the qualifications of persons and corporations applying for authority to engage in the bonding business in criminal cases in the District of Columbia, and the terms and conditions upon which the business shall be carried on, and no person or corporation shall, either as principal, or as agent, or representative of another, engage in the bonding business in either court until he shall, by order of the court, be authorized to do so.

4. The courts shall take into consideration both the financial responsibility and the moral qualities of the person so applying, and no person shall be permitted to engage, either as principal or agent, in the bonding business, who has ever been convicted of an offense involving moral turpitude, or who is not known to be a person of good moral character.

5. Every person qualifying to engage in the bonding business as principal is required to file with the court a list showing the name, age, and residence of each person employed by the bondsman as agent, clerk, or representative in the bonding business, and an affidavit from each of these persons stating that he will abide by the terms and provisions of this chapter.

6. Each of the courts shall require the authority of each of those persons to be renewed from time to time at such periods as the court may by rule provide, and before the authority shall be renewed the court shall require from each of those persons an affidavit that since his previous qualification to engage in the bonding business he has abided by the provisions of this chapter, and any person swearing falsely in any of the affidavits shall be guilty of perjury.

7. Whoever violates any rule or regulation prescribed under this subsection shall be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned not more than six months, or both, and if he is a bondsman shall be disqualified from thereafter engaging in any manner in the bonding business for such period of time as the trial judge shall order.

B. MICHIE'S DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA COURT RULES ANNOTATED SUPERIOR COURT RULES OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE XI. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS. Rule 116. Bonds and sureties.

1. Except by Court order no person shall be authorized to engage in the bonding business in criminal cases in this Court. No order of authorization shall be entered until such application and such supporting documents as are hereinafter required shall have been filed and the approval by this Court shall have been noted thereon.

2. Contents of application. Every individual proposing to engage in the bonding business in criminal cases in this Court shall file with the Court a written application which shall set forth the following information and statements under oath:

a. A detailed listing of real estate owned by the applicant in the District of Columbia, including: the address, lot, value, date of title, purchase price, the liber and folio of the land records; that the property is not encumbered; improvements; the nature and extent of a spouse's title or interest;

b. The amount of the applicant's unsecured indebtedness and obligations;

c. Whether the applicant is, or has been, in default in the payment of forfeited bail bond or recognizance in any court in the District of Columbia, the amount of bail bond or recognizance on any default recited, the date of forfeiture, the court, title and number of the cause in which such forfeiture was declared;

d. Whether the applicant has ever been arrested, charged or convicted of any offense;

e. Proof of applicant's good moral character, attested by the statements of at least 2 residents of the District of Columbia not related to the applicant, and who shall so certify;

f. A declaration by the applicant that the applicant will in all respects abide by the terms and provisions of these Rules and Chapter 11 of Title 23 of the D.C. Code;

g. A listing of the name, age and residence of each and every person authorized to represent the applicant as agent, clerk or representative in the bonding business, accompanied by an affidavit from each person listed, declaring that the person will in all respects abide by the terms and provisions of these Rules and Chapter 11 of said Title 23;

h. Each person holding a power of attorney from an authorized individual surety shall file a duplicate original copy thereof with the Clerk of this Court;

i. The application shall also recite a declaration to which the applicant shall fully agree and subscribe in which he or she commits not to sell, convey, or mortgage any listed real estate without obtaining leave of the court.

3. Applications shall be filed on or before the 10th day of January of each 2nd year thereafter, or oftener if required by the Court, by each individual surety desiring to continue in said business, which application must receive the approval of the Court before the surety shall be entitled to continue to appear as surety on bonds or recognizances in this Court.

4. With each application for renewal there shall also be filed an affidavit to the effect that since the surety's previous qualifications the surety has in all respects abided by the terms and provisions of these Rules and Chapter 11 of said Title 23, together with a certificate of the Clerk of this Court wherein it is stated that the Clerk has examined the records of the applicant and found them to be in good order as to form.

5. The original application of every individual proposing to engage in the bonding business, and every application for renewal of authority to continue herein, shall state the aggregate amount of bonds or recognizance in any court of the District of Columbia upon which such person is surety.

6. Fingerprinting. The applicant shall submit to the taking of the applicant's fingerprints by the Clerk of this Court, as shall each person authorized to represent the applicant as agent, clerk or representative in the bonding business. On all renewals, the Clerk of the Court, with the approval of the Chief Judge, may waive the requirement for refingerprinting.

(For further information on authorization of sureites, see the entire section listed above).

III. Notice of Forfeiture

A. MICHIE'S DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA COURT RULES ANNOTATED SUPERIOR COURT RULES OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE XI. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS. Rule 116. Bonds and sureties.

1. Forfeiture of bail.
Declaration. If there is a breach of condition of a bond, the Court shall declare a forfeiture of the bail.

2. When a forfeiture has not been set aside, the Court shall on motion enter a judgment of default and execution may issue thereon. By entering into a bond the obligors submit to the jurisdiction of the Court and irrevocably appoint the Clerk of the Court as their agent upon whom any papers affecting their liability may be served. Their liability may be enforced on motion without the necessity of an independent action. The motion and such notice of the motion as the Court prescribes may be served on the Clerk of the Court, who shall forthwith mail copies to the obligors at their last known addresses.

B. Court decisions

American Bankers Ins. Co. v. United States, App. D.C., 596 A.2d 598 (1991). Bonding company that had constructive notice of defendant's failure to appear at status hearing or trial, was not denied due process where appearance bond was forfeited, and superior court delayed for nearly 13 months its notifying bonding company of forfeiture.

IV. Allotted Time between Forfeiture Declaration and Payment Due Date.

(No additional provisions appear to be given in the statutes in regard to timetables for payment of forfeitures other than those listed above).

V. Forfeiture Defenses

A. MICHIE'S DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA COURT RULES ANNOTATED SUPERIOR COURT RULES OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE XI. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS.

Rule 116. Bonds and sureties.

1. The Court may direct that a forfeiture be set aside, upon such conditions as the Court may impose, if it appears that justice does not require the enforcement of the forfeiture.

2. No forfeiture may be set aside in the case of a defendant who has failed to appear except upon the approval of the judge who originally imposed the forfeiture.

3. When the condition of the bond has been satisfied or the forfeiture thereof has been set aside or permitted the Court shall exonerate the obligors and release any bail. A surety may be exonerated by a deposit of cash in the amount of the bond or by a timely surrender of the defendant into custody.

B. Court decisions

Indiana Lumbermen's Mut. Ins. Co. v. United States, App. D.C., 640 A.2d 1036 (1994).

1. Analysis factors in weighing set aside. -- In exercising its discretion in deciding whether to set aside a bond forfeiture, the trial court is to weigh a number of factors, including, but not limited to: the willfulness of the defendant's breach of bond conditions, the participation of the bondsman in rearresting the defendant, and the prejudice suffered by the government by the breach of the bond conditions.

2. Effect of surety's failure to fulfill duties. -- A surety which has failed to carry out its responsibilities has little, if any, basis for requesting the exercise of the court's discretion in its favor.

VI. Remission

A. MICHIE'S DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA COURT RULES ANNOTATED SUPERIOR COURT RULES OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE XI. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS. Rule 116. Bonds and sureties.

After entry of such judgment, the Court may remit it in whole or in part under the conditions applying to the setting aside of forfeiture in subparagraph (2) of this section.

B.Court decisions

Allegheny Mut. Cas. Co. v. United States, App. D.C., 622 A.2d 1099 (1993).

Setting aside of bond forfeiture is within trial court's discretion. -- Whether the trial court should set aside a forfeiture of a surety bond is within the court's sound discretion, and the trial court's decision will be reversed only upon a showing of abuse of discretion.

Bail Agent’s Arrest Authority

(The statutes do not appear to provide any explicit arrest authority for bail agents. However, the power to arrest seems to be implied given the function of bail bonding business as described in the statutes. Common law tradition is also almost certain to provide this authority).

VIII. Other Noteworthy Provisions

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA CODE 1981 PART IV. CRIMINAL LAW AND PROCEDURE AND PRISONERS. TITLE 23. CRIMINAL PROCEDURE. CHAPTER 11. Professional Bondsmen.§ 23-1103 Procuring business through official or attorney for a consideration prohibited.

A. It shall be unlawful for any bondsman, either directly or indirectly, to give, donate, lend, contribute, or to promise to give, donate, lend, or contribute any money, property, entertainment, or other thing of value whatsoever to any attorney at law, police officer, deputy United States marshal, jailer, probation officer, clerk, or other attache of a criminal court, or public official of any character, for procuring or assisting in procuring any person to employ the bondsman to execute as surety any bond for compensation in any criminal case in the District of Columbia.

B. It shall be unlawful for any attorney at law, police officer, deputy United States marshal, jailer, probation officer, clerk, bailiff, or other attache of a criminal court, or public official of any character, to accept or receive from a bondsman any money, property, entertainment, or other thing of value whatsoever for procuring or assisting in procuring a person to employ a bondsman to execute as surety any bond for compensation in a criminal case in the District of Columbia.

C. § 23-1104 Attorneys procuring employment through official or bondsman for a consideration prohibited.

It shall be unlawful for any attorney at law, either directly or indirectly, to give, loan, donate, contribute, or to promise to give, loan, donate, or contribute any money, property, entertainment, or other thing of value whatsoever to, or to split or divide any fee or commission with, any bondsman, police officer, deputy United States marshal, probation officer, bailiff, clerk, or other attache of any criminal court for causing or procuring or assisting in causing or procuring a person to employ the attorney to represent him in a criminal case in the District of Columbia.

D. § 23-1105 Receiving other than regular fee for bonding prohibited; bondsmen prohibited from endeavoring to secure dismissal or settlement.

It shall be lawful to charge for executing a bond in a criminal case in the District of Columbia, but it shall be unlawful for a bondsman, either directly or indirectly, to charge, accept, or receive a sum of money, or other thing of value, other than the regular fee for bonding, from a person for whom he has executed bond, for any other service whatever performed in connection with any indictment, information, or charge upon which the person is bailed or held in the District of Columbia. It also shall be unlawful for any bondsman to settle, or attempt to settle, or to procure or attempt to procure the dismissal of any indictment, information, or charge against any person in custody or held upon bond in the District of Columbia, with a court, or with the prosecuting attorney in a court in the District of Columbia.

E. § 23-1107 Bondsmen prohibited from entering place of detention unless requested by prisoner; record of visit to be kept.

It shall be unlawful for a bondsman to enter a police precinct, jail, prisoner's dock, house of detention, or other place where persons in the custody of the law are detained in the District of Columbia for the purpose of obtaining employment as a bondsman, without having been previously called by a person detained or by some relative or other authorized person acting for or on behalf of the person detained. Whenever a bondsman enters a police precinct, jail, prisoner's dock, house of detention, or other place where persons in the custody of the law are detained in the District of Columbia, he shall forthwith give to the person in charge thereof his mission there and the name of the person calling him and requesting him to come to such place. That information shall be recorded by the person in charge of the place of detention and preserved as a public record, and the failure of the bondsman to give that information, or the failure of the person in charge of the place of detention to make and preserve a record of that information, shall constitute a violation of this chapter.

F. § 23-1109 Giving advance information of proposed raid.

It shall not be unlawful for any police or other peace officer, in conducting any raid or in executing any search warrant or warrant of arrest, to communicate to any person engaged in the bonding business, any fact necessary to enable the officer to obtain information necessary to carry out the raid or execute the process.

IX. Noteworthy State Appellate Decisions

A. Indiana Lumbermen’s Mut. Ins. Co. v. U.S. 640 A.2d 1036 D.C. Apr 25, 1994 1. Surety filed motion to set aside forfeiture of personal appearance bond. The Superior Court of the District of Columbia, Robert I. Richter, J., denied motion, and surety appealed. The Court of Appeals, Sullivan, J., held that:
(1) trial court did not abuse its discretion in denying surety's motion without an evidentiary hearing, and
(2) trial court did not abuse its discretion in denying motion to vacate forfeiture. Affirmed.

2. Trial court was not required to conduct hearing on motion to set aside forfeiture of personal appearance bond, where defendant's attorney made no attempt to explain or justify his client's absence, record did not show that surety ever appeared before trial court prior to defendant's apprehension with explanation of mitigating circumstances, and surety did not demonstrate that despite its most diligent efforts to locate defendant, it could not do so before date of scheduled status hearing. Criminal Rule 116(h).

B. Allegheny Mut. Cas. Co. v. U.S. 622 A.2d 1099 D.C. Jan 29, 1993

Bail bondsman appealed from order of the Superior Court, Colleen Kollar- Kotelly, Trial Judge, denying motion to set aside bond forfeiture after nonappearance of defendant at sentencing. The Court of Appeals, Sullivan, J., held that trial court erred in not granting evidentiary hearing on motion because it was not in possession of all facts necessary to make proper determination. Reversed and remanded.

C. American Bankers Ins. Co. v. U.S. 596 A.2d 598 D.C. Sep 13, 1991

Bonding company brought motion to set aside and vacate forfeiture of appearance bond. The Superior Court, Evelyn E.C. Queen, J., denied motion. Bonding company appealed. The Court of Appeals, Belson, Senior Judge, held that:
(1) bonding company had constructive notice that defendant did not appear at status hearing or at trial and that, consequently, appearance bond was forfeited, and therefore, court's delay in notifying company of forfeiture for nearly 13 months did not violate due process, and
(2) bonding company agent had apparent authority to execute appearance bond, and therefore bonding company was liable on forfeited bond. Affirmed.

D. United States v. Nell 515 F.2d 1351 D.C. Cir. 1975

Hearing on motion to set aside bond forfeiture. -- Given a proffer of data regarding asserted departures from the customary practice by the bail agency and the clerk's office, a bondsman's assistance in apprehending the defendant and the delay or prejudice suffered by the government by the breach, it was error for the trial judge not to have held an evidentiary hearing on motion of bondsman to set aside bond forfeiture.

E. Akins v. United States 679 A.2d 1017 App. D.C., (1996).

Bail bondsmen are not subject to the Fourth Amendment. -- Bail bondsmen are not subject to the Fourth Amendment as it regards the seizure of persons or personal effects.

X. Bounty Hunter Provisions

At this time, there appear to be no specific regulations for "Bounty Hunters" in the District of Columbia statutes.

XI. Online Case Checking

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    While Google's Home is every bit as powerful and intelligent as Amazon's Echo on many fronts, there are a few areas where it doesn't quite stack up. On Thursday though, Google brought the Home one step closer to the Echo by adding shopping functionality to Google Assistant -- the AI that powers Google Home.

    "Starting today, you can shop for your everyday essentials—from paper towels to vitamins," Google revealed in a blog post on Wednesday. You'll be able to order from participating Google Express retailers, including Costco, Whole Foods Market, Walgreens, PetSmart, Bed Bath & Beyond and more than 50 other national and locally available retailers [which you can see in the link above]."

    All you have to do to start shopping is say "Ok Google, how do I shop?" at which point Google Assistant will explain how the process works. You can also just jump straight into shopping by saying something like "Ok Google, order paper towels." Google Assistant will verify the command and order the product.

    Additionally, from now until April 30th, 2017, Google won't charge you for any service or membership fees. If you want to take advantage of this limited-time offer, head to the "More settings" section of the Google Home app, tap "Payments" and set your default credit card and shipping address. You can check out more detailed instructions on the set-up process on Google's support website.

    Google says that this is "just the beginning of what's possible for shopping with the Google Assistant." Purchases will be enabled in more apps and services "over the coming months."


    Islamic State-claimed bomb kills 70 at Pakistan shrineAt least 70 people were killed and hundreds wounded Thursday when a bomb ripped through a revered Sufi shrine in southern Pakistan, officials said, after a series of attacks which have shaken optimism over recent improvements in security. The Islamic State group (IS) claimed the attack, the deadliest to hit Pakistan so far in 2017, in the town of Sehwan in Sindh province, some 200 kilometres (124 miles) northeast of the provincial capital Karachi. A police source said a suicide bomber entered the shrine of Lal Shahbaz Qalandar, a 13th century Muslim saint, and blew himself up among hundreds of devotees.


    What we know so far about problems at the tallest US damIt's been more than a week since engineers at the nation's tallest dam noticed damage to its emergency spillway, launching a series of events that culminated with the threat of catastrophic flooding and the two-day evacuation of nearly 200,000 California residents downstream.


    Upcoming HTC Phones For 2017 Won't Be CheapHTC said during a conference call that it wants to drop low-costs phones because there's a slim chance of generating profit from such products.


    Almost 500 migrants smash through border fence into SpainMADRID (AP) — Almost 500 migrants forced their way into Spanish territory in North Africa early Friday by breaking through gates in the 20-foot (6-meter) high fence that separates Morocco from Spain's Ceuta enclave.


    Amtrak police officer charged with murder in Chicago shootingBy Timothy Mclaughlin CHICAGO (Reuters) - An Amtrak police officer has been charged with murder after fatally shooting an unarmed man who had been spotted smoking marijuana outside Chicago's Union Station train terminal, a police statement and court documents showed on Friday. Laroyce Tankson, 31, shot Chad Robertson, 25, on Feb. 8 at around 8:40 p.m. local time, the police statement said. Robertson was transported to a hospital in serious condition and died on Wednesday.


    Brewery gives employees 'puppy parental leave' and everyone else major job envyHow does spending an entire week playing with a puppy and getting paid for it sound to you? Too good to be true? We're here to inform you that there is a company which allows their employees to do that. Yes, that exists. Companies all over the world have stepped up their game to ensure a high quality of life for their employees by offering all sorts of competitive perks and benefits. But we have found the one company that has every other place beat, hands down, no question. BrewDog, a brewery based in Scotland, announced on Monday that it would be instituting "Puppy Parental Leave" across their company. SEE ALSO: Gather round and be blessed by this precious puppy's 'newborn' photoshoot "We know only too well that having a new arrival – whether a mewling pup or unsettled rescue dog – can be stressful for human and hound both," BrewDog stated on its website. "So we are becoming the first in our industry to give our staff a working week’s leave on us to help settle a new furry family member into their home." If it were possible to give an entire company a hug, we would be doing it to BrewDog right now. Their announcement also came with this adorable video explaining the policy. As you may have guessed by the brewery's name, dogs are an essential part of the identity of BrewDog. Indeed, the brewery was founded by two men and a dog. "Ever since Bracken, the original Brew Dog, first watched James and Martin mash in batch number one of Punk IPA back in 2007 dogs have been central to our way of life," the brewery mentions on its site. BrewDog also encourages its employees to bring their dogs to work. Their main office in Scotland boasts 50 "office dogs." How does anyone get any work done there? BrewDog collars, back by popular demand!*  *Dog not included with purchase. bit.ly/brewdogcollar #brewdog #craftbeer #dogsofinsta #brewpix #dogcollars #puppiesofinstagram A post shared by BrewDog (@brewdogofficial) on Nov 4, 2016 at 11:19am PDT While the brewery is headquartered in Scotland, they are planning on opening up another brewery in Columbus, Ohio. And just a reminder, the puppy paid leave policy extends to all employees anywhere. We'll just leave their careers page here for you for easy access. BONUS: Meet the dog who's basically a saint


    Trump's choice for national security adviser has turned down offer: sourcesPresident Donald Trump's choice for national security adviser, retired Vice Admiral Robert Harward, has turned down the offer, sources familiar with Harward's decision said on Thursday. Harward was offered the job after Michael Flynn was fired by Trump on Monday for misleading Vice President Mike Pence over his conversations with Russia's ambassador to the United States. Trump appeared to refer to Harward earlier in the day at a presidential news conference, saying, "I have somebody that I think will be outstanding for the position." The president also made clear why he asked Flynn to resign on Monday, saying it was because the retired general had not been completely truthful with Pence about his conversations with the Russian ambassador to the United States, Sergei Kislyak.


    Why Exercise Is Not Enough to Prevent Weight GainExercise on its own — without also following a healthy diet — isn't enough to help people lose or even just maintain their weight, a recent study suggests. The new results run counter to the idea that the obesity epidemic in the U.S. is caused by a lack of physical activity, said lead study author Lara Dugas, an assistant professor of public health sciences at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine. When it comes to figuring out the causes of obesity, "what we really need to look at is what people are eating," Dugas told Live Science.


    China’s ‘Left Behind’ ChildrenMillions of Chinese children are being raised by their grandparents in rural China as their parents left to find work in urban areas. While there are no official figures, a recent government report puts the number of “left behind” children at nearly 10 million, though child welfare experts estimate the number to be closer to 60 million. In the case of the Luo family grandparents, who are elderly and poor, they do what they can to meet the basic needs of four children between the ages of 5 and 11.


    Belgium train derailment leaves one dead, 27 hurtOne person died and 27 were injured, three seriously, when a train derailed Saturday shortly after leaving a station east of Brussels, officials said. The train carrying 85 passengers derailed four minutes after leaving Louvain bound for the North Sea coast via the Belgian capital, the SNCB railway authorities said. "Rescue workers confirm the death of one person, three seriously injured and 24 others hurt," a Belgian official told AFP on condition of anonymity.


    AP Exclusive: If California dam failed, people likely stuckCommunities immediately downstream of California's Lake Oroville dam would not receive adequate warning or time for evacuations if the 770-foot-tall dam itself — rather than its spillways — were to abruptly fail, the state water agency that operates the nation's tallest dam repeatedly advised federal regulators a half-decade ago.


    The Most Beautiful Chart In the World, According To Bill GatesThe Microsoft founder tweeted a chart showing a more than 50 percent reduction in childhood deaths since 1990.


    Syria and monitoring group blast Turkey over civilian deathsBEIRUT (AP) — The Syrian government and an opposition monitoring group condemned Friday what they called Turkey's "crimes" against the Syrian people in the northern town of al-Bab that is controlled by the Islamic State group. Meanwhile, a top Turkish military official said most of the town is under control of allied Syrian opposition fighters.


    Federal judge dismisses Mass. defamation lawsuit against CosbyA federal judge in Massachusetts on Thursday dismissed a defamation lawsuit against Bill Cosby by an actress who claimed he raped her, ruling that the comedian acted within his rights when he proclaimed himself innocent of the crime. The civil lawsuit is one of a slew of cases brought against the actor, best known for playing the father in the 1980s television hit "The Cosby Show," by about 50 women who say he sexually assaulted them, often after plying them with drugs and alcohol, in a series of alleged attacks dating back decades. The vast bulk of the claims are too old to be the subject of a criminal prosecution, though Cosby is also awaiting trial in Pennsylvania on charges he sexually assaulted a former basketball coach at his alma mater, Temple University.


    Ferrari No Longer Sells a Car Designed by PininfarinaWith the 812 Superfast replacing the F12, the last Pininfarina-designed Ferrari has been discontinued.


    8 paid iPhone apps on sale for free today

    Happy Friday, Apple fans. We've got one more list for you this week that covers the best paid iPhone and iPad apps on sale for free. There are still a few freebies to be found in Thursday's post, but many of those deals have ended. You'll find eight fresh options on today's list though, so be sure to grab them while you can.

    These are paid iPhone and iPad apps that have been made available for free for a limited time by their developers. There is no way to tell how long they will be free. These sales could end an hour from now or a week from now — obviously, the only thing we can guarantee is that they were free at the time this post was written. If you click on a link and see a price listed next to an app instead of the word “get,” it is no longer free. The sale has ended. If you download the app, you will be charged.

    Green Riding Hood

    Normally $2.99.

    iPad App of the Year 2015 (Best of App Store, Russia);
    "Free App of the Week" in 2017.

    "Green Riding Hood" is a new masterpiece app for kids. Enjoy its beautiful graphics, cute characters, bright story and excellent narration by Alistair Findlay — the voice of Nighty Night apps series that is loved by kids all around the world! Here you will find a beautifully drawn and animated story about a little girl, her Grandma, their animal friends and a hungry Wolf. But don't be afraid. In this spinoff of the famous classic fairy tale by Charles Perrault and Brothers Grimm the Wolf won't have to eat anyone.
    Want to know why? Then download the Green Riding Hood right now and have fun with your kids playing mini-games and studying Grandma's cooking recipes!

    The app features:

    * CUTE CHARACTERS that will make your family have a hearty laugh!

    * BEAUTIFUL GRAPHICS made by an award winning illustrator Andrey Gordeev whose portfolio includes Cannes Lion and ADC Global awards.

    * GREAT ANIMATIONS to whisk you away to a magic world!

    * FUN MINIGAMES that will cheer up and entertain kids and adults alike.

    * GRANDMA’S COOKING BOOK with plenty of recipes for a healthy and balanced diet.

    * EXCELLENT VOICEOVER recorded by Alistair Findlay — a Scottish actor whose filmography includes such classical movies as "Highlander" and "In the Name of the Father". Children’s apps fans know him for his narration in the acclaimed Nighty Night HD apps series.

    Green Riding Hood is a beautiful interactive book for iOS that introduces children to a healthy lifestyle in a playful form. It is a cheerful fairy tale about friendship, yoga and the idea of living healthily.

    Green Riding Hood is a pop up tale in your device. Play it, read it and listen to it with your children as a lullaby before you tell them “Nighty night!” No more need to be scared of the grey wolf!

    Download Green Riding Hood

    RainFace

    rainface

    Normally $0.99.

    A simple but powerful complication to see if it will rain today at home or at work... in just one glance of your watch face!

    Simply set up your home and work locations and RainFace will check to see what the chance of rain is so you can grab your umbrella on your way out the door.

    Download now and never get caught out by the rain again!

    Download RainFace

    Cool Fonts Keyboard Pro

    Normally $0.99.

    WANT COOL FONTS?! THIS IS THE BEST WAY TO GET MORE FONTS! Show everyone how you REALLY Feel in style!

    Want more cool fonts that work EVERYWHERE?? Get all the new fonts and backgrounds you’ve always wanted now!

    Tons of backgrounds and fonts, and now with over 90+ Fonts PLUS over 90+ Backgrounds, with new ones in each update!

    Customize your device with tons of awesome and unique fonts that work in EVERY app. Works in Email, iMessage, Line, WhatsApp, Snapchat, WeChat, Kik, QQ, Instagram, Youtube, and any font keyboard you can type in!

    • ċȗṡṭọṃıẓє ƴǫųŗ proғιlə αηδ вισ ση S҉O҉C҉I҉A҉L҉ ΠΣTШΩRҜS!!
    • Ŀєåṿє åẇєṡọṃє åṅd ṃʏṡṭєŗıọȗṡ C҉O҉M҉M҉E҉N҉T҉S҉!!
    • ωяιтє яєαℓℓυ ¢υтє cσmmєntѕ ωιтн ρяєтту fσитѕ!!

    WORKS IN EVERY APP!

    MAKE YOUR INSTAGRAM COMMENTS & SNAPCHAT AND INSTAGRAM STORIES MORE EXPRESSIVE! HOW YOU YOU REALLY FEEL IN FACEBOOK STATUS MESSAGES AND GET MORE RETWEETS...

    Get ready to surprise you’re friends with a text written with awesome cool fonts!

    Make you’re texting more interesting!

    Leave us a comment if you have an idea for new backgrounds or fonts!! We love you’re ideas!!

    Download Cool Fonts Keyboard Pro

    MORPH

    Normally $0.99.

    From the ominous dangers of a dark square world, MORPH an adorable little creature is propelled by adept chooses into the light, finding his way from world to world in this extremely astute puzzle game. Careful thought is necessary to avoid treacherous obstacles which would lead to a certain horrible death and find the hidden path to the portal leading to the light a symbol of your growing enlightenment.

    Download MORPH

    LITMUS

    litmus

    Normally $0.99.

    Ever experienced a moment and wished you could share it with someone? Even the simplest of moments define our existence and make life all the more interesting. If you have one, why not note it on LITMUS?

    • Simple Note
    • Night Shift
    • Monthly Graph

    Download LITMUS

    Dead On Sight

    Normally $0.99.

    "Dead on Sight is a solid zombie sniper game. The action and gameplay are great." - toucharcade.com

    "Dead On Sight Could Be The Best Zombie Sniper Game For iOS" 4.5 Stars - appadvice.com

    Blow zombies to bits and rescue the residents of the town of Resurrection in this original touch controlled sniper game.

    The population in the town of Resurrection have got problems: the dead have risen from their graves and are now eating the locals. Armed with a sniper rifle you have to fight off the undead and give the people a chance to escape. They will try to escape by running, climbing up ladders and hiding in buildings. The undead will be in hot pursuit and you must stop them before they make a meal out of them.

    You will travel through the town, stationed at a number of sniper positions. From your vantage point use your sniper rifle scope to stop the zombie hoards. Finally, cover the people that you managed to rescue with your rifle while they take the only road out of town.

    Features

    • Unique touch control system using both hands
    • Hoards of destructible zombies
    • 5 Mini games
    • High quality hand drawn comic book storyline
    • Auto game save for easy pick and play
    • Original music
    • Optimized for different devices
    • Game Center Integration

    Download Dead On Sight

    Earth Lists

    Normally $4.99.

    Earth Lists is a simple and delightful way to keep all your lists and tasks. The app is simple to use while offering a compelling way to get things done.
    You can use Earth Lists for:

    • To do Lists
    • Shopping Lists
    • Packing Lists
    • Inventories
    • Bucket Lists
    • Wish Lists
    • Needed Items
    • Projects
    • Checklists
    • Goals
    • Outlines and Points to cover
    • Places to visit
    • Your Favorite Things
    • And Much More!

    We've designed Earth Lists to be powerful while remaining down-to-earth. Give it a try today!

    Download Earth Lists

    Easy Spending Expense Tracker Lite

    Normally $0.99.

    *** Over a Million satisfied users of our apps ***

    See where your money goes and take control of where to spend your money effectively using the simple and yet powerful money management App on iOS.

    Easy Spending Expense Tracker LITE, a simple and convenient finance tracker App is the most powerful and convenient daily money management App on the GO for iPhone and iPad, that neatly tracks all your cash flow between different accounts that you can budget.

    It is now all the more secure, with the addition of Automatic Backup Service as part of its In-App purchase. With this feature you never have to worry about losing valuable financial data, either through accidental deletion or change of device. You can restore it anywhere.

    Easy Spending helps you SAVE money by tracking expenses and letting you know the TOP Expense categories at any time.

    Comes with easy gestures with convenient layout and clutter free interface, with large fonts, well spaced layouts for easy viewing and readability. You can quickly add an expense even while checking out at the grocery store or while at the gas station.

    Great for maintaining monthly recurring bills with reminders, it has the convenience of an Expense Tracker and BILL reminders at one place.

    **** HIGHLIGHTS ****
    @ Never loose your valuable financial data with the All new Automatic Backup Service, (available as an In-App purchase)

    @ Excellent cloud sync of all your transaction data.
    (available as an In-App purchase)

    @ BILL Reminders

    @ MULTIPLE ACCOUNT(S) (available as an In-App purchase) Summary in a single screen, and nice reports.

    $ Add a new Income/Expense in seconds.

    $ Quick view of Recent Transactions and Top Income/Expense categories.

    $ Passcode LOCK.

    $ NOTIFICATIONS added to Default calendar for recurring transactions as an option. Using this option, NEVER forget to pay your BILL on time.

    $ See future bills/payments and income using, "UPCOMING TRANSACTIONS" view.

    $ Store data for MANY MANY years

    $ Use MULTIPLE accounts

    $ Preview comments in History while drilling down the transactions.

    *** REPORTS ***
    $ Powerful reports, timeline reports

    $ Doughnut chart reports gives a clean break up of where your money is going.

    $ Email csv file of all your data for single or all of your accounts.

    $ Upload csv file also to your Google Drive account

    Download Easy Spending Expense Tracker Lite


    AT&T's New Unlimited Plan Is TerribleEvery other carrier is updating their unlimited wireless plans these days, so why not AT&T? Following the lead of Verizon, T-Mobile and Sprint, AT&T trotted out a new plan of its own that isn't so new — and unlikely to win over many fans.AT&T's unlimited data plan costs $100 a month for a single line, the most expensive of any unlimited option. Sprint's plan starts at $60 a month, which the carrier is currently discounting to $50; T-Mobile's and Verizon's unlimited plans cost $70 and $80 a month, respectively.


    Why you should pour a glass and drink up this National Drink Wine DayNational Drink Wine Day has been celebrated across the country every February since 2011. It started as a way to spread the love and health benefits of wine. Happy drinking!


    Zimbabwe protest pastor Mawarire says may stand against MugabeA Zimbabwean pastor who led a popular protest movement last year against strongman President Robert Mugabe said Friday that he might stand in the 2018 general election. Evan Mawarire was publicly threatened by Mugabe, 92, after starting the "This Flag" internet campaign that triggered the largest surge of anti-government street protests in many years. Mugabe has vowed to run again and has already been chosen as the candidate for the ruling ZANU-PF party, which has been involved in brutal violence and vote-rigging in past elections.